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These were the first thirteen English Colonies, not the first colonies in the Americas, or even North America. The colonies had already been set up by the Spanish, Dutch, and even the Russians. Talking about the first Colonies, one must place them in proper context. These were actually the latest colonies to be established in the Americas. So what was the reason they became so famous? There is more to the story than what is often taught. Their impact was as great as the others, but in a shorter time. Just look at what they did, in the short time they had been there.
- Fourteen, Not Thirteen Colonies
- Who was There
- What was the Impact
- Leading to the American Revolution
Fourteen, Not Thirteen Colonies
The first of the colonies, was on the island of Roanoke. Led by Sir Walter Raleigh, twenty years later when the first of what would be known as the Thirteen colonies, the Roanoke colony was gone. To this day, it is not known for sure what happened to them. They had just vanished. Some time within the twenty year period, the colony left, and know one knows where, why, or how. They just ceased to be.
Who was There
Before the arrival of the Colonies, there was already a large selection of countries present. Spain had colonies from South America, up through Florida. Russia had Colonies from Alaska to California. The Dutch had colonies around New York, along with the Germans, French, Flemmings, and others. In what was to become Pennsylvania, Penns Woods, was another area that had a highly mixed number of colonies from other countries mentioned, like the Dutch and Germans.
What was the Impact?
The impact was one of frugality. In that the taxes were not that bad, but the methods of operation were. The first appointed President of the Colonies, by the crown, was so unpopular, that he did not last long. Then England brought in Edmund Andros, a highly unpopular person in the colonies. His job was to ensure the crown’s demands in the Colonies. But he wanted his own points also. Thus used the position to put demands on the Puritans, adjust taxes as he felt fit, and in general, act like a mini-tyrant. Which would lead to the First Revolution, following the Revolution of England.
Leading to the American Revolution
The first Revolution lead to the arrest and deportation of Edmund Andros, back to England. With the Colonists taking the colonies in their own control. England still felt the American Colonies were part of their holdings, and demanded due alliance. Taxes were still demanded, sovereignty was demanded, and it was more than the Colonies were willing to continue with.